‘The Middle Prayer’
The word Salatul Wusta used in 2:238 in the Qur’an is often refered to as the ‘Asr Prayer’ which is a speculation but nothing.
The literal understanding of ‘Salatul Wusta’ is ‘ the balanced Salaat’ like the meaning of the ‘Ummatun Wasata’ in verse 2:143 is ‘ An Ummat justly balanced’. The meaning of ‘Salatul Wusta’ is a conduct balanced in Justice, equity and truth.
In 2:239 , the next verse to 2:238 it is said to celebrate the praises of Allah in the way Allah has taught which we knew not and the word used for celebrating the praises is ‘fazkur’.
‘Fazkur’ is a form of ‘Zikr’ and the method of ‘Zikr is taught by Allah in 7: 205 of the Qur’an which is as follows:
“ and do thou bring to rememberance( Wazkur)
In thy soul
With humility and remember
Without loudness in words,
In the mornings and evenings;
And be not thou
Of those who are heedless”
Thus, our balanced reaction and not a biased reaction towards anything & everything for upholding/ establishing TRUTH, EQUITY AND JUSTICE is referrred to as ‘Salatul Wusta’
Thus , after asking us to do something , Allah doesnot leave the order incomplete and abstract but explains it clearly there or somewhere else in the Qur’an. We have been asked to do day and night ‘Zikr’ and its method is also detailed in the Qur’an. This is why Qur’an is a complete book and what is not in Qur’an is not a part of the Islamic Faith.