وَمَا يَنْطِقُ عَنِ الْهَوَى
“ Wa maa yantiqu ‘anil hawaa”
“ And nor does he vent his personal inclination”(53:3)
This verse of the Qur’an witnesses that the Qur’an is not an outcome of personal inclination of Mohammad Salallahu Alaihi Wasallam . The personal opinion or feeling of Mohammad Salallahu Alaihi Wasallam has no share in it and that it is purely Divine in its origin. Here the position of Mohammad Salaahahu Alaihi Wasallam is made clear to the opponents and those who were/ are in doubt regarding him to be the ‘Rasool and Nabi’ of Allah. He is said to have not been alone and has a Guardian , and that he has not denied the guidance of his Guardian and that he has not composed the Qur’an from his bent of mind.
This verse of the Qur’an is often quoted out of context. We have to understand that this verse is an integral part of the Suran An-Najm and is attached to the context under consideration in the Sura. Here, Allah wants to clarify that Mohammad Salaahahu Alaihi Wasallam is not the composer of the book and that it is a revelation of Allah given to Mohammad Salaahahu Alaihi Wasallam by way of inspiration . The succeeding verse 53:4 clarifies the same. Not a single word of the Qur’an was a self made idea of the prophet but inspired by Allah which reached to the entire humankind through the words of Mohammad Salallahu Alaihi Wasallam as is evident in 81: 19 – which means “ behold, this is indeed the word of a noble Rasool”. In all respects Qur’an may be regarded as the sayings of Mohammad Salaahahu Alaihi Wasallam and there is no doubt in it as it is certified in the Qur’an by Allah Himself and since Allah has protected the book from any alteration we get in the Qur’an unaltered Qaul-e-Rasool that means unaltered sayings of Mohammad Salaahahu Alaihi Wasallam.
The words of the Qur’an are the words of Mohammad Salaahahu Alaihi Wasallam on the inspiration of Allah and contains nil influence of intellect, experience and inclinations of his own. This verse doesnot cover all the sayings of Mohammad Salaahahu Alaihi Wasallam in his daily life which were an outcome of his intelligence, experience and divine knowledge on the capacity of a humanbeing. We should not think that whatever Mohammad Salaahahu Alaihi Wasallam told in his lifetime was inspired by Allah if we do so then we may go on wrong lines of thought and may do injustice to the character and standards of Mohammad Salaahahu Alaihi Wasallam. Like all human beings he was also given the gift of free will and he was also given wisdom on the basis of which he may use his wisdom in the use of free will and it is very mean to think that Mohammad Salaahahu Alaihi Wasallam was not given free will or, that he never used his free will and then by assuming such an unrealistic idea demeaning his strength as one of the greatest humanbeings of all times who had used his free will in the way Allah guided. Use of free will as per Allah’s guidance and Not spoken anything that Allah has not told to him are two different ideas. By adopting the later one surely demeans the position and grandeur of such a great ‘ Rasool and Nabi- the khatimuun nabi’ and giving him the status of a robot. Apart from being a ‘Rasool and a nabi’ he was a father, a grandfather, a husband, an uncle, a friend and a great Statesman. And like all other human beings Allah had given him the right to expression using his high intellect, wisdom and experience because of which sometimes he made mistakes and which Allah has pointed out in the Qur’an .That does not mean that first Allah has told him to speak a wrong thing and then pointed him out to be wrong . It was only a mistake due to the limitations of him being a human being, even of such exalted position. That doesnot also anyway affect his status as those were not intentional.
His untainted intention in the use of the free will as per the Guidance of Allah made him one of the Greatest personalities in the history of mankind .